Tuesday, 2 December 2014

Greece


Greece


 Greece is a European country located in the Mediterranean Sea and has a rich history going all the way back to 1500 B.C. It is made up of a mainland and lots of little islands around it with Athens as the capital city. Greece has many famous landforms and structures such as the Parthenon, Mount Olympus and the Acropolis.

 

Mythology


Greek Mythology consists of how the Greeks thought the world was created and how it works. There are lots of gods and monsters and mythological places and lots of stories about all of them. Here are some of the gods in Greek mythology: Zeus, god of the sky. Poseidon, god of the ocean. Hades, god of death and Lord of the Underworld. Aphrodite, goddess of beauty and love. Apollo, god of music, arts and the sun. Artemis, goddess of the hunt and the moon. Ares, god of war. Athena, goddess of wisdom. Demeter, god of agriculture and harvest. Dionysus, god of wine and festivals. Hephaestus, god of fire metalwork and crafting. Hera, goddess of marriage and women. Hermes, god of travel, thieves and messenger of the gods. Hestia, god of homes and children. This is a list of some famous heroes in Greek mythology: Perseus, Heracles, Jason, Daedalus, Odysseus and Theseus.

 

The Parthenon


The Parthenon is a famous Greek structure and has stood for centuries. Work began on the Parthenon, built in Acropolis, in 447 BC to replace another temple that was destroyed by the Persians in 480 B.C. The name of the building most likely came from a cult statue of Athena, Parthenos, housed in the eastern room of the building. This amazing structure was built of ivory and gold and was sculptured by the sculptor Phidias. As with most buildings in Acropolis it was dedicated to Athena to thank the Goddess for their success. The Parthenon was finally finished in 432 B.C.

 

The Olympics


Based on historical records, the first ancient Olympic Games was in 776 B.C. They were dedicated to the Olympian gods, and were set in Olympia. At this Olympic Games, a naked runner, Coroebus, who was a cook from Elis, won the main event of the Games. It was a 192 metre sprint. Winning this made Coroebus the first Olympic champion ever. The Games grew and grew and were played every four years for about 1200 years. In 393 A.E, Emperor Theodosius, a Christian, banned the games because of all of the paganism in it. Around 1500 years later, a young Frenchman, started them up again.

 

Greece is an ancient and amazing country rich in history and has affected and created a lot of the things we have today. The world would not be the same today without Greece.

 

Bibliography

Unknown. When was Greece Founded? (Unknown) http://www.answers.com/Q/When_was_greece_founded. Retrieved October 3rd 2014.

Unknown. GREECE. (Unknown). http://www.worldatlas.com/webimage/countrys/europe/gr.htm Retrieved October 3rd 2014.

Unknown. Greek Gods. (Unknown). http://greekmythology.com/ Retrieved October 3rd 2014.

Rosenburg, Jennifer. History of the Olympics. (2000). http://history1900s.about.com/od/fadsfashion/a/olympicshistory.htm. Retrieved November 5th 2014.

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