Tuesday, 2 December 2014

The Great Pyramid of Giza


The Great Pyramid of Giza

The Great Pyramid of Giza is one of the seven natural wonders of the world and has amazed people for centuries. It was built in 2560–2540 BC and still stands now.

 

History


The Pyramid of Khufu (more commonly known as the Great Pyramid of Giza) was named after and the tomb of the ancient Egyptian pharaohs, Khufu. It was 146.5 metres tall, the tallest man made structure for over 3800 years but is now, because of erosion, is 138.8 metres tall. The Great Pyramid is made out of about two point three million stone blocks and took about 20 years to build. The mass of the pyramid is approximately 5.9 million tonnes. Based on these facts, that would mean that the ancient Egyptians would have had to build 800 tonnes of stone a day. You would have to be very strong and patient to do that every day.

 

Construction


The construction of the Great Pyramid took around a 20 year period to make. It is said that about 5.5 million tonnes of limestone, 8,000 tonnes of granite and 500,000 tonnes of mortar were used to create the Great Pyramid. Generally, ancient Egyptians cut stone blocks by hammering wooden wedges into the stone which were then soaked with water. As the water was absorbed, the wedges grew, causing the rock to be cut in half. Once they were cut, they were transported by boat to the Great Pyramid on the Nile River. The biggest granite stones in the pyramid that are found in the King’s Chamber weigh

25-80 tonnes and were transferred from Aswan which is more than 800km away.

King’s Chamber


The King’s Chamber is 54.8 m2 and has a flat ceiling 5.974 metres above the floor. The King’s Chamber is completely made out of granite. Above the roof, which is formed of nine slabs of stone weighing about 400 tons, are five chambers known as the Relieving Chambers. The first four, like the King's Chamber, have flat roofs made by the floor of the chamber above, but the last chamber has a pointed roof. An Egyptologist found there were more chambers above the King’s Chamber, when he found that he could push a long reed through a crack in the ceiling. From lowest to highest, the chambers are called Davison's Chamber, Wellington's Chamber, Nelson's Chamber, Lady Arbuthnot's Chamber and Campbell's Chamber. The only object in the chamber is a granite sarcophagus.

 

The Great Pyramid of Giza is an amazing and historical place. I have learnt lots from this report and hope you have too. This has been a report on the

Great Pyramid of Giza.

 

Bibliography


 

Bell, Art. The Great Pyramid. (Unknown). http://www.europa.com/~edge/pyramid.html.  Retrieved October 27th 2014.

Krystek, Lee. Khufu’s Great Pyramid. (2010). http://www.unmuseum.org/kpyramid.htm. Retrieved October 28th 2014.

Barrow, Mandy. What are pyramids? (2013) http://resources.woodlandsjunior.kent.sch.uk/homework/egypt/pyramids.htm. Retrieved October 28th 2014.

Unknown. Great Pyramid of Giza. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Pyramid_of_Giza. Retrieved October 29th 2014

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